Who owns medical information? The one who gives care, receives care, or pays for care? All of the above? None of the above? Does it really matter?
In the emerging era of electronic health informatics, few other medicolegal questions are more critical, more contested, or more poorly understood. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 allocates up to an estimated $20 billion to implement clinical information systems,1 and it aims for the use of electronic health information “for each person in the United States by 2014.” It fails, though, to resolve who owns this massive increase in electronic information. This legal uncertainty presents a major obstacle to integrating and using information about a single patient from various clinicians and hospitals.
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