The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and the World Health Organization (WHO) recommend safe, voluntary male circumcision as an additional, important strategy for the prevention of heterosexually acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in men in areas with high HIV prevalence and low levels of male circumcision.1 Comprehensive male circumcision services should include HIV testing and counseling, partner reduction, and male and female condom use.2 However, male circumcision can have deep symbolic meaning that could pose barriers to implementation. In some parts of the world, male circumcision is a traditional practice with religious or cultural significance; in others, it is a common hygiene intervention; and in yet others, it is unfamiliar or foreign. Consequently, the proportion of men who are circumcised varies by country from less than 5% to more than 80%, with an estimated 30% to 40% of adult men circumcised worldwide.3
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.