Author Contributions: Dr Whooley had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Whooley, de Jonge, Carney, Feldman, Browner.
Acquisition of data: Whooley, Ali, Dowray, Na, Schiller.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Whooley, Vittinghoff, Otte, Moos, Carney, Na, Browner.
Drafting of the manuscript: Whooley, de Jonge, Otte, Moos, Ali, Dowray, Na.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Whooley, de Jonge, Vittinghoff, Otte, Carney, Feldman, Schiller, Browner.
Statistical analysis: Whooley, Vittinghoff, Ali, Dowray, Na, Browner.
Obtained funding: Whooley, Otte, Moos, Schiller, Browner.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Whooley, de Jonge, Moos, Ali, Dowray, Na, Feldman.
Study supervision: Whooley, Schiller, Browner.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the VA Epidemiology (Merit Review) Program; the VA Health Research and Development Service Career Development Program; the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (R01 HL079235); the American Federation for Aging Research (Paul Beeson Scholars Program); the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Generalist Physician Faculty Scholars Program); the Ischemia Research and Education Foundation; and the Nancy Kirwan Heart Research Fund.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding organizations had no role in the design or conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; or preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.