JAMA will publish its annual theme issue on violence and human rights on August 5, 2009. We encourage authors to submit manuscripts reporting the results of original research on the causes, consequences, and prevention of violence and human rights abuses. All topics related to violence and human rights are of interest, but this year we specifically invite manuscripts on the health effects of violence at home, defining “home” as one's home country or family home.
Currently, all or nearly all armed conflicts are fought on home soil, meaning that armed conflicts are being fought within nations, not between them.1 Intrastate conflicts may be fought by government forces against opposing forces (state conflicts) or may be fought between militias, warlords, and ethnic or religious groups (non–state conflicts). Non–state conflicts are typically fought in poor nations with weak governments, because poor countries often lack the resources to address grievances that lead to armed conflict, and as a result, war creates and exacerbates poverty. We invite papers on the health consequences of intrastate conflicts for combatants and civilians.