Author Contributions: Dr Hillege had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Crijns, Wiesfeld, Bosker, Lok, Van Gelder.
Acquisition of data: Ahmed, Rienstra, Bosker, Lok, Van Gelder.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Ahmed, Rienstra, Crijns, Links, Wiesfeld, Hillege, Van Veldhuisen, Van Gelder.
Drafting of the manuscript: Ahmed, Links, Lok, Van Veldhuisen, Van Gelder.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Ahmed, Rienstra, Crijns, Links, Wiesfeld, Hillege, Bosker, Lok, Van Veldhuisen, Van Gelder.
Statistical analysis: Ahmed, Hillege, Van Gelder.
Obtained funding: Crijns, Van Gelder.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Rienstra, Van Veldhuisen, Van Gelder.
Study supervision: Crijns, Links, Wiesfeld, Hillege, Lok, Van Veldhuisen, Van Gelder.
Financial Disclosures: Dr Van Gelder reports receiving research grants from Sanofi-Aventis, AstraZeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Medtronic.
Funding/Support: The study was supported by grant 2000B133 from the Netherlands Heart Foundation and by Medtronic.
Role of the Sponsor: Both sponsors supported the study financially but did not participate in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
CONVERT Trial Investigators: I. C. Van Gelder, S. Ahmed, M. Rienstra, T. P. Links, A. C. P. Wiesfeld (University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen); H. Bosker (Rijnstate Hospital, Arnhem); P. A. M. Hoogslag (Diaconessenhuis, Meppel); H. J. G. M. Crijns, R. Tieleman, C. de Vos (Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht); M. W. J. Vet (Scheper Hospital, Emmen) R. J. M de Vries (Bethesda Hospital, Hoogeveen); D. J. A. Lok, Y. Tuininga, E. Badings (Deventer Hospital, Deventer).
Previous Presentations: Presented in Late Breaking Clinical Trials Heart Rhythm Society 2007; Denver, Colorado; May 13, 2007.