Author Contributions: Dr Saha had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Saha, Guiton, Wimmers, Wilkerson.
Acquisition of data: Wilkerson.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Saha, Guiton, Wimmers, Wilkerson.
Drafting of the manuscript: Saha.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Saha, Guiton, Wimmers, Wilkerson.
Statistical analysis: Saha, Wimmers.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Wilkerson.
Study supervision: Saha.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Saha was supported by an Advanced Research Career Development award from the US Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research and Development Service when this study was conducted. The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) collected and manages the Graduation Questionnaire data analyzed for this study. Dr Saha has served on Advisory Committees for AAMC initiatives related to medical school diversity.
Role of the Sponsors: No funding organization or sponsor had any role in the design and conduct of the study, in the analysis and interpretation of the data, or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article represent those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the AAMC or the US Department of Veterans Affairs.
Additional Contributions: We are indebted to the AAMC for providing the data for this study.