Author Contributions: Dr Geng had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Geng, Emenyonu, Glidden, Martin.
Acquisition of data: Geng, Emenyonu, Bwana, Glidden, Martin.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Geng, Glidden, Martin.
Drafting of the manuscript: Geng, Glidden, Martin.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Geng, Emenyonu, Bwana, Glidden, Martin.
Statistical analysis: Geng, Glidden, Martin.
Obtained funding: Martin.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Emenyonu, Martin.
Study supervision: Emenyonu, Bwana, Martin.
Financial Disclosures: None reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by grants U01 AI069911, T32 AI06530, and R01 MH054907 from the National Institutes of Health, the East Africa International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) Consortium, the United States President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), and the Antiretroviral Treatment in Lower Income Countries (ARTLINC) Collaboration.
Role of the Sponsors: The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Previous Presentation: Presented in part at the 15th Conference on Opportunistic Infections and Retroviruses; February 3-6, 2008; Boston, Massachusetts.
Additional Contributions: David Bangsberg, MD, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), assisted with the study concept; Hassan Baryahikwa, Uganda Research Institute (URI), tracked patients; John Bennett, MPH, UCSF, provided data management; Steven Deeks, MD, UCSF, assisted with the study concept; Este Hudes, PhD, UCSF, provided statistical consultation; Nicolas Musinguzi, BA, URI, provided data management; Torsten Neilands, PhD, UCSF, provided statistical consultation; Adam Pepper, URI, provided data management; Larry Pepper, MD, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, assisted with the study concept; and Constantin Yiannoutsos, PhD, Indiana University, assisted with the study concept. All persons except Dr Hudes and Dr Pepper received compensation for their roles in this study.