Study concept and design: Marrouche, Wilber, Akoum, Marchlinski, Kholmovski, Burgon, Mont, Mahnkopf, Brachmann.
Acquisition of data: Marrouche, Wilber, Hindricks, Jais, Akoum, Kholmovski, Burgon, Deneke, Duytschaever, Neumann, Mansour, Mahnkopf, Herweg, Daoud, Wissner, Bansmann.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Marrouche, Hindricks, Akoum, Marchlinski, Kholmovski, Burgon, Hu, Herweg, Brachmann.
Drafting of the manuscript: Marrouche, Hindricks, Akoum, Burgon, Duytschaever.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Marrouche, Wilber, Hindricks, Jais, Akoum, Marchlinski, Kholmovski, Hu, Mont, Deneke, Neumann, Mansour, Mahnkopf, Herweg, Daoud, Wissner, Bansmann, Brachmann.
Statistical analysis: Marrouche, Akoum, Hu.
Obtained funding: Marrouche.
Administrative, technical, and material support: Marrouche, Kholmovski, Deneke, Duytschaever, Mahnkopf, Herweg, Daoud, Wissner, Brachmann.
Study supervision: Marrouche, Wilber, Hindricks, Akoum, Marchlinski, Burgon, Mont, Neumann, Daoud, Bansmann.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Marrouche reported owning stock and being named in 2 patents licensed to Marrek. Dr Wilber reported receiving grants and personal fees from Biosense Webster and personal fees from Medtronic. Dr Kholmovski reported receiving grants from and having 2 patents pending with Marrek. Mr Burgon reported being employed by and holding stock in Marrek. Dr Mont reported serving as a consultant for Boston Scientific, St Jude Medical, Biosense Webster; receiving research grants from Bard, Biosense Webster, Biotronik, Boston Scientific, Medtronic, Sorin, and St Jude Medical; and receiving honoraria from Biosense Webster, Biotronik, Boston Scientific, Medtronic, Sorin, and St Jude Medical. Dr Mansour reported serving as a consultant to Biosense Webster; and receiving grants from Biosense Webster, St Jude Medical, Boston Scientific, MC10, and Securus Medical. Dr Herweg reported serving as a consultant to Biosense Webster and St Jude Medical; having stock options in Boston Scientific; and that Medtronic provided financial support for the University of South Florida clinical cardiac electrophysiology fellowship program. Dr Daoud reported serving as a consultant to St Jude Medical, Biosense Webster, and Medtronic. Dr Wissner reported serving as a consultant to Biosense Webster, Medtronic, Biotronik, Cardiofocus, and Covidien. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: The Comprehensive Arrhythmia and Research Management Center (CARMA) Center at the University of Utah provided funding for the study. The George S. and Dolores Doré Eccles Foundation funded part of the DECAAF study.
Role of the Sponsor: The CARMA Center had a role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank all the patients whose participation made this study possible. Special thanks to Sathya Vijayakumar, MBA (University of Utah), who stepped in and coordinated the final data analysis and edited the manuscript. We are grateful to Tom Greene, PhD (University of Utah), for assistance in performing the statistical analyses, generating the plots, and editing the manuscript; Rob Macleod, PhD, Josh Cates, PhD, and Alan Morris, MS (all 3 with the University of Utah), for generation of image processing algorithms; Mark Haslam, Chankevin Tek, BS, and Alexander Au, BS (all 3 with the University of Utah), for processing the delayed enhancement MRI images. We also acknowledge Prashanthan Sanders, MD (University of Adelaide), for his support of the project and for sharing representative data from his center. We greatly appreciate the study coordination performed by the following individuals at their respective centers: Kavitha Damal, PhD, and Corinne Garcia, MS (University of Utah); Milad El-Haddad, MD (University Hospital of Ghent); Ralph Augustini, MD (Ohio State University); Thanh Tran, BS (Florida Gulf to Bay Anesthesiology); Marc Horlitz, MD (Academic Heart Center Cologne); Mushabbar Syed, MD, Santanu Biswas, MD, and Mark Rabbat, MD (Loyola University); Malte Kuniss, MD (Kerckhoff Heart Center); and Ester Guiu, MD, Felupe Bisbal, MD, Jose Ortiz Susana Prat, MD, and Teresa Carait, MD (Hospital Clinic of Barcelona). The study coordinators have been invaluable in their help with the data collection and reporting and we gratefully acknowledge each of them. Ms Vijayakumar was compensated for editing the manuscript. The other persons listed in this section were compensated as part of their salaries.
Correction: This article was corrected on October 6, 2014, to fix the incorrectly labeled rows of numbers at risk in Figure 4.