Study concept and design: Ng, Freeman, Lopez, Murray, Gakidou.
Acquisition of data: Ng, Freeman, Fleming, Robinson, Thomson, Wollum, Sanman, Wulf, Lopez, Murray, Gakidou.
Analysis and interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Ng, Freeman, Lopez, Murray, Gakidou.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Ng, Freeman, Fleming, Dwyer-Lindgren, Murray, Gakidou.
Obtained funding: Murray, Gakidou.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Ng, Fleming, Robinson, Thomson, Wollum, Sanman, Murray, Gakidou.
Study supervision: Ng, Lopez, Murray, Gakidou.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Lopez reports consultancy for the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This research was conducted as part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2.0. This study is supported by a grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the State of Washington.
Role of the Sponsors: The funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; or decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank the following individuals for their contributions to this effort: Stan Biryukov, BS, Paria Naghavi, BESc, Lee Richardson, BS, and Allen Roberts, BS, all from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), for their work extracting and cleaning data; Piya Hanvoravongchai, PhD, Thailand Research Center for Health Services System, Hideki Higashi, PhD, IHME, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, PhD, IHME, A. J. Lanyon, PhD, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Stephen Lim, PhD, IHME, Mohsen Naghavi, PhD, IHME, Stein Emil Vollset, PhD, IHME, and Theo Vos, PhD, IHME, for their assistance in data acquisition; Stephanie Atkinson, MLIS, Michelle Darbous, MSc, and Erica Nelson, MLIS, all from IHME, for data collection, cataloguing, and fulfilling use agreements; Evan Laurie, BS, IHME, for information technology support; and Erin Mullany, BA, IHME, for administrative support and editorial assistance. No compensation was provided for contributions.