Study concept and design: Baum, Campa, Lai, Fawzi, Essex, Marlink.
Acquisition of data: Baum, Campa, Sales Martinez, Tsalaile, Burns, Farahani, van Widenfelt, Page, Bussmann, Moyo, Makhema, Thior, Essex, Marlink.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Baum, Campa, Lai, Li, Bussmann, Makhema, Essex, Marlink.
Drafting of the manuscript: Baum, Campa, Lai.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Baum, Campa, Lai, Sales Martinez, Tsalaile, Burns, Farahani, Li, van Widenfelt, Page, Bussmann, Fawzi, Moyo, Makhema, Thior, Essex, Marlink.
Statistical analysis: Campa, Lai, Li, van Widenfelt.
Obtained funding: Baum, Campa, Lai, Essex, Marlink.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Baum, Campa, Sales Martinez, Burns, Farahani, Makhema, Thior, Essex, Marlink.
Study supervision: Baum, Campa, Burns, Farahani, Bussman, Makhema, Thior, Essex, Marlink.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (RO1-DA-016551).
Role of the Sponsor: The sponsor had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: Presented in part at the XVIII International AIDS Conference; July 18-23, 2010; Vienna, Austria.
Additional Contributions: We thank Jag Khalsa, PhD, Chief, Medical Consequences Branch, Division of Pharmacotherapies and Medical Consequences of Drug Abuse, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, for his leadership, advice, and support. Dr Khalsa received no compensation for his role in the study. We thank the government of Botswana and the Botswana-Harvard Partnership for the support and cooperation with our study. We thank all of the participants in the study without whom advancement in the nutritional management of the HIV disease would not have been possible.