Study concept and design: Mack, Brindis, Carroll, Edwards, Grover, Shahian, Tuzcu, Rumsfeld, Hewitt, Michaels, Christensen, Holmes.
Acquisition of data: Carroll, Edwards, Hewitt, Shewan, Michaels, Christensen, Holmes.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Brennan, Brindis, Carroll, Edwards, Grover, Shahian, Tuzcu, Peterson, Rumsfeld, Hewitt, Shewan, Christian, O’Brien, Holmes.
Drafting of the manuscript: Mack, Brennan, Brindis, Carroll, Edwards, Holmes.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Mack, Brindis, Carroll, Grover, Shahian, Tuzcu, Peterson, Rumsfeld, Hewitt, Shewan, Michaels, Christensen, Christian, O’Brien, Holmes.
Statistical analysis: Carroll, Edwards, Peterson, Christian, O’Brien, Holmes.
Obtained funding: Carroll, Hewitt, Holmes.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Carroll, Hewitt, Shewan, Michaels, Christensen.
Study supervision: Mack, Grover, Shahian, Hewitt, Christensen, Holmes.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Grover reports support for travel to meetings from the ACC and STS. Dr Peterson reports consultancy for Janssen, Boehringer Ingelheim, and Sanofi. Dr Shahian reports support for travel to meetings from the STS. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by the American College of Cardiology Foundation and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons.
Role of the Sponsor: The study was designed and performed by the steering committee of the TVT Registry, which is a joint partnership of the STS and the ACC Foundation. Employees of both organizations sit on the steering committee. The budget was funded out of the general operating funds of the TVT Registry. The STS and ACC Foundation otherwise had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; or decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: Dr Peterson, an associate editor for JAMA, was not involved in the editorial review of or the decision to publish this article.
Correction: This article was corrected on November 19, 2013, to correct the name of the device in the abstract and an incorrectly indented row stub in Table 3.