Study concept and design: Bowling, Muntner.
Acquisition of data: Muntner.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Bowling, Sharma, Fox, O’Hare, Muntner.
Drafting of the manuscript: Bowling.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Bowling, Sharma, Fox, O’Hare, Muntner.
Statistical analysis: Sharma, Muntner.
Obtained funding: Bowling.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Bowling.
Study supervision: Bowling, O’Hare, Muntner.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr O’Hare reported receiving royalties from UpToDate; and institutional grants from the US Department of Veterans Affairs, the National Institute on Aging, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dr Muntner reported receiving an institutional grant from Amgen. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Support was provided through grant R03AG042336-01 from the National Institute on Aging (Dr Bowling) and the T. Franklin Williams Scholarship Award. Funding was also provided by Atlantic Philanthropies Inc, the John A. Hartford Foundation, the Association of Specialty Professors, the American Society of Nephrology, and the American Geriatrics Society. Additional support was provided by the Birmingham/Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center special fellowship in advanced geriatrics and the John A. Hartford Foundation/Southeast Center of Excellence in Geriatric Medicine. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys data were gathered by the National Center for Health Statistics of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with additional support for cardiovascular examination components from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute through interagency agreement Y1-HC-8039.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Information: Work on the manuscript was conducted at the Birmingham site of the Birmingham/Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center.
Additional Contributions: We thank Richard M. Allman, MD (Birmingham/Atlanta Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center), for his contributions to the manuscript and his continued mentorship. No compensation was provided for his contributions.