Study concept and design: Bardach, Wang, Shih, Goldman, Dudley.
Acquisition of data: Shih.
Analysis and interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Bardach, Shih.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Wang, De Leon, Shih, Boscardin, Goldman, Dudley.
Statistical analysis: Bardach, Wang, De Leon, Boscardin.
Obtained funding: Shih, Dudley.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Wang, Shih.
Study supervision: Wang, Shih, Dudley.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by the Robin Hood Foundation, grants R18 HS17059 and R18 HS18275 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, K23 HD065836 from the National Institute for Children’s Health and Human Development, and KL2 RR024130-05 from the National Center for Research Resources, the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, and National Institutes of Health, through the University of California San Francisco-Clinical and Translational Science Institute.
Role of the Sponsor: None of the funders had a role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Previous Presentation: Presented in part at the AcademyHealth Meeting; June 13, 2011; Seattle, Washington.
Additional Contributions: We thank the staff at eClinicalWorks for assisting the capture and retrieval of the data; Primary Care Improvement Project staff for ensuring data were available for the study and the extensive outreach and communications to participating clinicians throughout the program. None of these individuals received compensation besides their salaries. We also thank Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention), and Farzad Mostashari, MD, MS (Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology), for the inception and design of the Health eHearts program; Thomas A. Farley, MD, MPH, Amanda S. Parsons, MD, MBA, and Jesse Singer, DO, MPH (New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene), for their guidance and support of the Health eHearts program. These contributors received no compensation for their contribution.