Study concept and design: Petersen, Simpson, Urech, Hysong, Profit, Conrad,
Acquisition of data: Petersen, Simpson, Woodard.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Petersen, Simpson, Pietz, Profit, Dudley,
Drafting of the manuscript: Petersen, Simpson, Urech.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content:
Petersen, Simpson, Pietz, Urech, Hysong, Profit, Conrad, Dudley, Woodard.
Statistical analysis: Petersen, Simpson, Pietz, Dudley.
Obtained funding: Petersen.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Petersen, Simpson, Urech,
Study supervision: Petersen, Woodard.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors
have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and
none were reported.
Funding/Support: This work is supported in part by
the Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Services Research & Development (HSR&D)
Investigator-Initiated Research (IIR) program (04-349; Principal Investigator [PI] Laura A.
Petersen, MD, MPH), a National Institutes of Health grant (RO1 HL079173-01; PI Laura A. Petersen,
MD, MPH), the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2010 (National Heart, Lung, and Blood
Institute [NHLBI] 1R01HL079173-S2), and the Houston VA HSR&D Center of Excellence HFP90-020; PI
Laura A. Petersen, MD, MPH). Dr Petersen was a recipient of the American Heart Association
Established Investigator Award (grant 0540043N) and was a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Generalist
Physician Faculty Scholar (grant 045444) at the time that this study was planned and funded. Dr
Hysong was a recipient of an NHLBI Investigator Research Supplement to Promote Diversity in
Health-Related Research (1R01HL079173-S1) during the early stages of the study and is currently a VA
HSR&D Career Development Awardee (CDA 07-0181). Dr Profit’s contribution was supported in
part by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (1 K23
HD056298-01; PI Jochen Profit, MD, MPH). Dr Conrad is an awardee of the Robert Wood Johnson
Foundation Health Care Financing and Organization Program (grant 63214). Dr Dudley is a Robert Wood
Johnson Investigator Awardee in Health Policy.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of
the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or
approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Oversight Committee: Barry R. Davis, University of Texas School of Public Health,
Houston; Joseph Francis, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC; Gabriel Habib, Michael E.
DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Houston; Jeffrey Murawsky, VA Great Lakes Health Care
System, Westchester, Illinois; Robert A. Petzel, Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC;
Brian Reed, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston.
VA Investigators: Jan Basile, Rose Birkmeier, Warren D. Blackburn Jr, Patricia
Cioffi, Peter Friedmann, Saib Gappy, Stephen A. Geraci, Nicholas Haddad, Kent A. Kirchner, James
Levenson, Steve Orwig, Alan Pawlow, Adam Powell, Shakaib Rehman, Amy W. Smith, Jessie M. Spencer,
Vidya Sridharan, Donald Weinshenker.
VA Primary Care Physician Participants: Vijaya Ajjagottu, Jeffrey Austerlitz, Peter
Baren, Andree Burnett, Eugene Constantinou, Donald Curran, Raminder Dhadli, Sean Ercan-Fang, Harold
Fain, Swapna Gupta, Helen Han, Shireen Haque, Judith Hildebrand, Claudine Johnson, Yelena
Kamenker-Orlov, Thomas Kumenda, Fengqi Liu, George Malatinszky, Minnie Martin, Nicholas Masozera,
Ramon Matawaran, Raghuram Matta, Ivan Monserrate, Praveena Mungara, Kimberly Olson, Tuukka Ostenso,
Radha Rao, Simona Retter, Terrence Shaneyfelt, Lubna Sheikh, Patricia Sullwold, Vanisree Suverna,
Adeyinka Taiwo, Oanh Thai, Ishita Thakar, Rachel Wilson Peery.
Disclaimer: The views expressed are solely of the authors and do not necessarily
represent those of the authors’ institutions.
Additional Contributions: We thank the following members of the study coordinating
center at the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center Health Services Research and Development Center
of Excellence: Supicha S. Chitwood, MPH, for coordinating the incentive payments; Mark Kuebeler, MS,
for managing the data; Meghan Z. Lutschg, BA, for coordinating data collection; and Richard SoRelle,
BS, for managing the institutional review board requirements across the study sites. We also
acknowledge the contributions of the trial’s oversight committee, the VA study site
investigators, and the VA primary care physician participants. None of the individuals mentioned
received compensation for their contributions besides their salaries.