Study concept and design: Sheffield, Riall, Kuo, Townsend, Goodwin.
Acquisition of data: Riall, Han, Townsend.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Sheffield, Riall, Kuo, Townsend, Goodwin.
Drafting of the manuscript: Sheffield, Riall, Townsend.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Sheffield, Riall, Han, Kuo, Townsend.
Obtained funding: Riall, Townsend, Goodwin.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Sheffield, Riall, Townsend, Goodwin.
Study supervision: Riall, Townsend, Goodwin.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Kuo reports a pending grant with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study is supported by grants K05CA134923, K07CA130983, and UL1TR000071 from the National Institutes of Health.
Role of the Sponsor: The National Institutes of Health had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.