Study concept and design: North, Pfefferbaum.
Acquisition of data: North.
Analysis and interpretation of data: North.
Drafting of the manuscript: North, Pfefferbaum.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: North, Pfefferbaum.
Statistical analysis: North.
Administrative, technical, or material support: North, Pfefferbaum.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr North reported receiving research support from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the American Psychiatric Association, and the Orthopaedic Trauma Association; receiving consultant fees from the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center and from the Tarrant County, Texas, Department of Health; and receiving speaker’s fees from the Pueblo City-County Health Department. Dr Pfefferbaum reported receiving support from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Funding/Support: Dr Pfefferbaum’s work on this article was supported in part by a grant from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (1 U79 SM57278), which established the Terrorism and Disaster Center (TDC) at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. The TDC is a partner in the National Child Traumatic Stress Network.
Additional Contributions: We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Shirley Campbell. MLS, BS (Dallas VA Medical Center), in conducting the literature searches, Richard V. King, PhD (Department of Surgery, Division of Emergency Medicine, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas), for reviewing and commenting on manuscript drafts, and independent contractor Richard A. Olson, MS, for consultation on the flow diagram. None of these individuals received any extra compensation for their contributions.