Study concept and design: Ferraro, Taylor, Eisner, Gambaro, Curhan.
Acquisition of data: Taylor, Mukamal, Curhan.
Analysis and interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Ferraro, Eisner.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Ferraro, Taylor, Eisner, Curhan.
Obtained funding: Rimm, Curhan.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Ferraro, Mukamal, Curhan.
Study supervision: Gambaro, Curhan.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Taylor reports receiving grant funding from the National Institutes of Health. Dr Eisner reports consulting for Boston Scientific, Olympus/Gyrus ACMI, PercSys, and Radius; and owning Ravine Group. Dr Curhan reports receiving grant funding from the National Institutes of Health; consulting for Allena Pharmaceuticals and Kaye Scholer; receiving royalties as author and section editor of UpToDate; and being editor in chief for the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported by grants DK91417, DK70756, CA087969, CA50385, CA055075, HL034594, and HL35464 from the National Institutes of Health.
Role of the Sponsor: The National Institutes of Health had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.