The birth of the first infant conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF) occurred 35 years ago.1 The early focus of IVF programs was on enhancing success rates and optimizing clinical and laboratory techniques in an effort to improve chances of pregnancy. Currently, more than 40%2 of young couples conceive on a single trial of IVF compared with less than 20% in the 1980s.3 In 2012, the number of infants born worldwide as a result of these technologies was 5 million. These numbers will continue to increase with 350 000 infants born annually as a result of an estimated 1.5 million IVF cycles.4 The percentage of total births resulting from IVF is currently 1.4% (>60 000 infants/y) in the United States5 and 0.5% to 4.4% (>100 000 infants/y) in western Europe.6 Therefore, the success of IVF suggests it is important to shift the focus to the safety of the procedure for children.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.