Author Contributions: Dr Jacobs had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Jacobs, Zhang, Montie, Miller, Hollenbeck.
Acquisition of data: Jacobs, Zhang, Skolarus.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Jacobs, Zhang, Schroeck, Skolarus, Wei, Gilbert, Strope, Dunn, Miller, Hollenbeck.
Drafting of the manuscript: Jacobs, Zhang, Skolarus, Dunn, Hollenbeck.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Jacobs, Zhang, Schroeck, Skolarus, Wei, Montie, Gilbert, Strope, Miller, Hollenbeck.
Statistical analysis: Jacobs, Zhang, Schroeck, Dunn.
Obtained funding: Jacobs, Schroeck, Miller, Hollenbeck.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Skolarus.
Study supervision: Skolarus, Montie, Gilbert, Miller, Hollenbeck.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Schroeck reported having received an honorarium for writing a CME review article from the American Urological Association. Dr Skolarus reported being a consultant for ArborMetrix. Dr Montie reported having owned stock or stock options in HistoSonics. Dr Miller reported being a consultant for United Healthcare. Dr Hollenbeck is an Associate Editor of Urology. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Jacobs is supported in part by an American Cancer Society Postdoctoral Fellowship Grant (121805-PF-12-008-01-CPHPS). Dr Schroeck is supported in part by an American Cancer Society Postdoctoral Fellowship Grant (PF-12-118-01-CPPB) and by a National Institutes of Health Training Grant (NIH 5 T32 DK007782-12). Dr Miller is supported in part by Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan for efforts as director of the Michigan Urological Surgery Improvement Collaborative. Dr Hollenbeck is supported in part by the National Cancer Institute (R01-CA-168691-01).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding sources had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article do not reflect the views of the federal government.
Online-Only Material: The Author Video Interview is available here.