Author Contributions: Drs Masoudi and Curtis and Mr Wang had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Peterson, Varosy, Wang, Greenlee, Masoudi.
Acquisition of data: Varosy, Magid.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Varosy, Heidenreich, Wang, Dewland, Curtis, Go, Greenlee, Normand, Masoudi.
Drafting of the manuscript: Peterson, Masoudi.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Varosy, Heidenreich, Wang, Dewland, Curtis, Go, Greenlee, Magid, Normand, Masoudi.
Statistical analysis: Wang, Dewland, Normand.
Obtained funding: Go.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Curtis, Go.
Study supervision: Varosy.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Masoudi reported that he has contracts with the Oklahoma Foundation for Medical Quality and the American College of Cardiology Foundation. Dr Dewland reported that he has received an educational travel grant from Boston Scientific. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Peterson is supported by grant K08 HS019814-01 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. This research was supported by the American College of Cardiology Foundation's National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR).
Role of Sponsors: None of the funders had any role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article represent those of the authors, and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NCDR or its associated professional societies identified at https://www.ncdr.com/webncdr. ICD Registry is an initiative of the American College of Cardiology Foundation and the Heart Rhythm Society. Furthermore, the views in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs.