Published Online: March 18, 2013. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.1299
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Ross is a member of a scientific advisory board for FAIR Health. Dr Krumholz chairs a scientific advisory board for UnitedHealthcare. Drs Ross and Krumholz receive research support from Medtronic, through Yale University, to develop methods of clinical trial data sharing.
Funding/Support: This work was not supported by any external grants or funds. Drs Ross and Krumholz receive support from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to develop and maintain performance measures that are used for public reporting, and from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to develop methods for postmarket surveillance of medical devices. Dr Ross is supported by grant K08 AG032886 from the National Institute on Aging, by the American Federation for Aging Research through the Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award Program, and by the Pew Charitable Trusts to examine FDA regulatory issues. Dr Krumholz is supported by grant 1U01HL105270-03 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Cardiovascular Outcomes Center Award.
Role of the Sponsor: The funders listed above had no role in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.