Author Contributions: Dr Briesacher had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Briesacher, Tjia, Gurwitz.
Acquisition of data: Briesacher.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Briesacher, Tjia, Field, Peterson, Gurwitz.
Drafting of the manuscript: Briesacher.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Briesacher, Tjia, Field, Peterson, Gurwitz.
Statistical analysis: Briesacher, Tjia, Field, Peterson.
Obtained funding: Briesacher, Tjia, Gurwitz.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Briesacher.
Study supervision: Briesacher.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Briesacher reported receiving research support and consulting fees from Novartis. Dr Tjia reported serving as a consultant to Qualidigm. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality grant R18HS019351-01. Dr Briesacher was also supported by research scientist award K01AG031836 from the National Institute on Aging.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We thank Kathy M. Mazor, EdD, Leslie R. Harrold, MD, MPH, and Celeste A. Lemay, MPH (Meyers Primary Care Institute and University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester), and Jennifer L. Donovan, PharmD, RPh, Abir O. Kanaan, PharmD (Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Worcester), for collaborating on the study. We also thank Sarah Foy and Sruthi Valluri (Meyers Primary Care Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts) for administrative assistance in preparing the manuscript. No compensation was received by any of the persons listed.