Author Contributions: Drs Vashi and Gross had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Vashi, Fox, D’Onofrio, Pines, Ross, Gross.
Acquisition of data: Vashi, Fox.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Vashi, Fox, Carr, Ross.
Drafting of the manuscript: Vashi, Fox.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Vashi, Carr, D’Onofrio, Pines, Ross, Gross.
Statistical analysis: Vashi, Fox.
Obtained funding: Gross.
Study supervision: Carr, D’Onofrio, Ross, Gross.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Carr reported being a senior policy advisor for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response. Dr Pines reported working as a senior advisor for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Innovation Center during the writing of this article. Dr Ross reported receiving funding from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to develop and maintain performance measures that are used for public reporting; and receiving funding from the Pew Charitable Trusts to examine regulatory issues at the US Food and Drug Administration. Drs Ross and Gross reported receiving funding as collaborators on the Yale University Open Access project, which is facilitating the objective analysis of Medtronic clinical trial data. Drs Ross and Gross are members of a scientific advisory board for FAIR Health Inc. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Carr is supported by career development award K08 AG032886 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Dr Ross is supported by the National Institute on Aging and by the American Federation for Aging Research through the Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award Program.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the US Air Force, Department of Defense, Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Health and Human Services, or the US government.