Author Contributions: Drs Dharmarajan and Krumholz had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Dharmarajan, Lin, Bueno, Krumholz.
Acquisition of data: Krumholz.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Dharmarajan, Hsieh, Lin, Bueno, Ross, Horwitz, Barreto-Filho, Kim, Bernheim, Suter, Drye, Krumholz.
Drafting of the manuscript: Dharmarajan, Krumholz.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Dharmarajan, Hsieh, Lin, Bueno, Ross, Horwitz, Barreto-Filho, Kim, Bernheim, Suter, Drye, Krumholz.
Statistical analysis: Hsieh, Lin.
Obtained funding: Krumholz.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Krumholz.
Study supervision: Krumholz.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Drs Bernheim, Drye, Horwitz, Kim, Krumholz, Lin, Ross, and Suter work under contract with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to develop and maintain performance measures. Dr Bueno reported that he has received speaking or advisory fees from AstraZeneca, Bayer, Daiichi-Sankyo, Eli Lilly, Novartis, and Roche. Dr Krumholz reported that he is chair of a cardiac scientific advisory board for UnitedHealth. Dr Ross reported that he is a member of a scientific advisory board for FAIR Health. Drs Krumholz and Ross are the recipients of a research grant from Medtronic through Yale University.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by grant 1U01HL105270-03 (Center for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research at Yale University) from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Dr Dharmarajan is supported by grant T32 HL007854 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; he is also supported as a Centers of Excellence Scholar in Geriatric Medicine at Yale by the John A. Hartford Foundation and the American Federation for Aging Research. Drs Ross and Horwitz are supported by grants K08 AG032886 and K08 AG038336 from the National Institute on Aging and by the American Federation for Aging Research through the Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award Program, respectively. Dr Barreto-Filho is supported by grant 3436-10-1 from CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior, Ministry of Education, Brazil) and the Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil.
Role of the Sponsors: The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the sponsors.
Previous Presentation: These data were presented in part at the Quality of Care and Outcomes Research in Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke Conference of the American Heart Association; May 9-12, 2012; Atlanta, Georgia.
Online-Only Material: The Author Video Interview is available here.