As emphasized by the Bipartisan Policy Center, health care expenditures are anticipated to reach 20% of US gross domestic product by 2020 and are a major threat to the sustainability of the health care system and to the economic productivity and stability of the country. Although death rates attributable to cardiovascular disease (CVD) have declined by almost one-third over the last 1½ decades, CVD remains the leading cause of death and the burden of CVD remains unacceptably high, especially considering the aging of the population.1 The economic effects of the burden of CVD are profound because managing CVD constitutes 16% of overall national health care expenditures.1 Given these sobering statistics, it is “mission critical” to examine how progress has been made in addressing CVD and to determine what steps need to be taken to further improve individual and societal cardiovascular health and economic well-being.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 7
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
The Rational Clinical Examination EDUCATION GUIDES
All results at
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.