Published Online: October 18, 2012. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.14023
Author Contributions: Mr Trivedi had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Trivedi, DeSalvo, Moll, Hall, Patel, Parashar, Lopman.
Acquisition of data: Trivedi, DeSalvo, Lee, Palumbo, Moll, Curns, Hall.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Trivedi, Moll, Hall, Parashar, Lopman.
Drafting of the manuscript: Trivedi, Lopman.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Trivedi, DeSalvo, Lee, Palumbo, Moll, Curns, Hall, Patel, Parashar, Lopman.
Statistical analysis: Trivedi, Lopman.
Obtained funding: Trivedi, Lopman.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Trivedi, Palumbo, Moll, Curns, Hall, Parashar.
Study supervision: Moll, Hall, Patel, Parashar, Lopman.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Mr Trivedi reports being a fellow of The CDC Experience, a 1-year fellowship for medical students in applied epidemiology at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and made possible by a public/private partnership supported by a grant to the CDC Foundation from external medical affairs, Pfizer Inc. Ms DeSalvo reports receipt of a grant to the institution and travel support to the institution from the CDC; and travel/accommodations/meeting expenses unrelated to activities listed from the Association of Public Health Laboratories and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists. The other authors report no disclosures.
Additional Contributions: Faith Asper, MHS, Research Data Assistance Center (ResDAC); Marshall Deasy, AS, Division of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Pennsylvania Department of Health; Cathleen Gillespie, MS, Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention, CDC; Vincent Mor, PhD, Brown University School of Medicine; Edward Mortimore, PhD, Survey and Certification Group, Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS); Ami Patel, PhD, MPH, Philadelphia Department of Public Health; Nimalie Stone, MD, Division of Health Quality Promotion, CDC; Mary Wikswo, MPH, Division of Viral Diseases, CDC; and the Wisconsin Surveillance and Outbreak Support (SOS) Team funded through the CDC's FoodCORE (Foodborne Diseases Centers for Outbreak Response Enhancement) Program. None of these individuals were compensated in association with their respective contributions to this article.
Disclaimer: The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the CDC.
Online-Only Material: An Author Video Interview is available here.