In 1987, Medicare for the first time released mortality statistics for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and the following year released mortality statistics for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). At the same time, New York State began collecting mortality data for CABG by hospital and individual surgeon. The New York State mortality statistics were published in a landmark article in the December 18, 1991, issue of Newsday. After initial refusal by New York State to release those statistics, the Supreme Court ordered the state, under the Freedom of Information Act, to release the data to Newsday, marking the first time that mortality data by hospital and by surgeon were published in a newspaper. In that same year, a report from the Northern New England Cardiovascular study group and a report from Pennsylvania were published in JAMA.1,2 Both reports showed that differences in mortality for CABG surgery across institutions could not be explained just by disease severity and comorbid conditions. The reports stimulated a vivid debate, which provided a starting point for what followed over the next 2 decades. Since then, public reporting of quality data and outcomes data has become a mainstay of contemporary health care delivery.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 4
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Users' Guides to the Medical Literature
All results at
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.