Peroneal muscular atrophy (Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease) in nine children often demonstrated characteristic, if not diagnostic, clinical features. A positive family history was highly suggestive. Biopsy specimens from two patients were of no value. Electromyelographic studies were not characteristic, but motor nerve conduction velocity studies done on five patients were significant. Recent literature was correlated with the clinical pathological and electrodiagnostic studies done on these patients.