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JAMA. 1940;114(17):1669-1670. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810170065011.
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In his presidential address before the Pan-Pacific Surgical Congress in Honolulu, J. Hardie Neil1 pointed out that most of those attending these congresses came from North America and Australasia. These physicians are mainly representative of the colonial stock, which grappled with difficulties that only those imbued with the spirit of the pioneer could overcome. Likewise in Australasia the early efforts of these pioneers to provide medical education have developed into great universities on the Pacific shore. Three personalities dominated the early history of medical education in California. Dr. Elias Cooper's work in vascular surgery was probably the first laboratory research made in the Pacific countries, and his successful cesarean section was the first recorded in those lands. When Cooper's medical school became moribund it was reorganized by his nephew, Cooper Lane, a surgeon whose work on craniotomy and hysterectomy was based on high attainments in anatomy and physiology. He


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