Between 1995 and 2008, worldwide global investment in improving health in developing countries increased from $8 billion to nearly $25 billion.1 A main reason for this substantial increase was the creation of new institutions including the Gates Foundation; the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria; the GAVI Alliance; and, most importantly, the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) program.
Created by President George W. Bush in 2003, PEPFAR was, as its website says, “launched to combat HIV/AIDS.”2 The program targeted 15 “focus” countries, mostly chosen for their high rates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and AIDS but also for their government's willingness to address the problems of HIV/AIDS as well as larger US geopolitical strategic reasons. PEPFAR has been the largest financial commitment of any country to global health and to treatment of any specific disease worldwide.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 7
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.