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Memorandum Book of a Tenth-Century Oculist for the Use of Modern Ophthalmologists: A Translation of the Tadhkirat of Ali ibn Isa of Baghdad (cir. 940-1010 A. D.), the Most Complete, Practical and Original of All the Early Textbooks on the Eye and Its Diseases

JAMA. 1936;107(6):452. doi:10.1001/jama.1936.02770320056028.
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Tadkirat al-kahhalin, or the Memoranda for Oculists, was written by Ali ibn Isa, a Nestorian Christian oculist practicing in Baghdad around the year 1000 A. D. Although not one of the earliest of the Arabian books on ophthalmology, it is probably the most complete of that era and one of the few in which acknowledgment is made to earlier Greek and Arabian ophthalmologists. In his well known history of ophthalmology, Hirschberg listed ten known copies of the work; Dr. Wood was fortunate enough to obtain the eleventh copy, which is complete and modern, as well as the twelfth copy, which is older and somewhat fragmentary. With the assistance of Dr. Max Meyerhof and others, Casey Wood has again produced an enduring piece of work in the translation of this early textbook. It is dedicated to his lifelong friend Dr. Harold Gifford and forms a monument of which any man may


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