In 1928, Benjamin Malzberg, a young epidemiologist in New York State's Division of Mental Hygiene, began a groundbreaking study examining causes of mortality in New York State's mental hospitals. During the ensuing 3 years, Malzberg reviewed every death that occurred throughout the state's psychiatric hospital system; his findings were both surprising and troubling. Patients in these hospitals died an average of 15 years younger than the general population of New York State.1 Malzberg speculated that these excess deaths were likely due to a complex combination of factors:
Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more
Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features
Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)
Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 23
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
and access these and other features:
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.