JAMA. 1931;97(24):1802. doi:10.1001/jama.1931.02730240052015.
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A leading educator1 remarked several years ago that nothing is more exasperating than to be compelled to witness a great tragedy which we know could be prevented if we could only do the right thing. He added that probably physicians in earlier times felt much the same way when they saw their patients die by the scores during some epidemic with which they were powerless to cope. Until the last half century, he continues, all who had to do with disease were so bound by the bonds of ignorance that they were well-nigh powerless. Meanwhile the progress of science and the unremiting efforts of its numerous devotees in the field of medicine have brought about extremely commendable changes resulting in a shift from the high mortality of an earlier period to the relatively low figures for the present generation. It has been a story of the routing of many


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