The French Congress of Surgery
The fortieth annual Congrès de l'association française de chirurgie, presided over this year by Prof. O. Lambret of Lille, was well attended—chiefly by French physicians. Among the foreign surgeons, the Belgians, the Swiss, the Rumanians and the Italians predominated. There were three topics on the program, and the official papers on these subjects were excellent, each constituting a complete survey of the field.
POSTOPERATIVE PEPTIC ULCERS
Professor Leriche of Lyons considered the pathogenicity of postoperative peptic ulcers. In his opinion, postoperative peptic ulcer is essentially a disease resulting from anastomoses performed on hyperacid stomachs. It appears following gastro-enterostomy well performed in from 1.5 to 5 per cent of the cases. It occurs, but equally rarely, after excision followed by gastro-enterostomy. It is particularly frequent after antral exclusions (25 per cent). It is frequent after pyloric and transantral resections, which are often followed by hyperacidity and