Author Contributions: Dr Karaca-Mandic had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Karaca-Mandic, Jena, Joyce, Goldman.
Acquisition of data: Joyce, Goldman.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Karaca-Mandic, Jena, Joyce, Goldman.
Drafting of the manuscript: Karaca-Mandic, Jena, Joyce.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Karaca-Mandic, Jena, Joyce, Goldman.
Statistical analysis: Karaca-Mandic, Jena, Goldman.
Obtained funding: Karaca-Mandic, Goldman.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Karaca-Mandic, Goldman.
Study supervision: Joyce, Goldman.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Joyce reports consulting for Precision Health Economics and lectures/speakers bureau service for Pfizer. Dr Goldman reports consulting for Novartis and Bristol-Myers Squibb and serving on a panel of health advisors for the Congressional Budget Office. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Support was provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (grant 1R03HD058203-01A1), the National Institute on Aging (grant 7R01AG02514), and the Roybal Center for Health Policy Simulation (grant 5P30AG024968).
Role of the Sponsor: The sponsors were not involved in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; or preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Online-Only Material: The Author Video Interview is available here.
Additional Contributions: We received thoughtful suggestions from Thomas Kinane, MD, and Emily Rubin, MD, JD, and assistance with data preparation from Patty St Clair. No compensation was received.