Author Contributions: Dr Silver had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Silver, Bukowski, Carpenter, Conway, Dudley, Goldenberg, Hogue, Koch, Parker, Pinar, Reddy, Saade, Varner, Willinger.
Acquisition of data: Silver, Bukowski, Carpenter, Conway, Dudley, Goldenberg, Hogue, Koch, Parker, Pinar, Saade, Stoll, Varner.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Silver, Conway, Coustan, Dudley, Goldenberg, Hogue, Koch, Parker, Pinar, Reddy, Saade, Willinger.
Drafting of the manuscript: Silver, Coustan, Dudley, Hogue, Pinar, Reddy, Saade.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Bukowski, Carpenter, Conway, Coustan, Dudley, Goldenberg, Hogue, Koch, Parker, Pinar, Reddy, Saade, Stoll, Varner, Willinger.
Statistical analysis: Hogue, Koch, Parker, Reddy, Willinger.
Obtained funding: Silver, Bukowski, Carpenter, Dudley, Hogue, Koch, Parker, Pinar, Saade, Stoll, Varner.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Silver, Carpenter, Coustan, Dudley, Pinar, Reddy, Stoll, Varner, Willinger.
Study supervision: Carpenter, Coustan, Dudley, Goldenberg, Koch, Parker, Reddy, Saade, Varner, Willinger.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by grant funding from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD): U10-HD045953 Brown University; U10-HD045925 Emory University; U10-HD045952 University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston; U10-HDO45955 University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio; U10-HD045944 University of Utah Health Sciences Center; and U01-HD045954 RTI International, RTP.
Role of the Sponsor: The Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network is solely responsible for the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; and preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network:University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio: Donald J. Dudley, Deborah Conway, Karen Aufdemorte, Angela Rodriguez, Monica Pina; University of Utah School of Medicine: Robert M. Silver, Michael W. Varner, Kristi Nelson; Emory University School of Medicine and the Rollins School of Public Health: Carol J. Rowland Hogue, Barbara J.Stoll, Janice Daniels Tinsley, Bahig Shehata, Carlos Abramowsky; Brown University: Donald Coustan, Halit Pinar, Marshall Carpenter, Susan Kubaska; University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston: George R. Saade, Radek Bukowski, Jennifer Lee Rollins, Hal Hawkins, Elena Sbrana; RTI International: Corette B. Parker, Matthew A. Koch, Vanessa R. Thorsten, Holly Franklin, Pinliang Chen; Pregnancy and Perinatalogy Branch, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health: Marian Willinger, Uma M. Reddy; Drexel University School of Medicine: Robert L. Goldenberg.
Author Video Interview is available here.
Additional Contributions: We acknowledge the members of the NICHD Scientific Advisory and Safety Monitoring Board, including Rev Phillip Cato, PhD; James W. Collins Jr, MD, MPH; Terry Dwyer, MD, MPH; William P. Fifer, PhD; John Ilekis, PhD; Marc Incerpi, MD; George Macones, MD, MSCE; Richard M. Pauli, MD, PhD; Raymond W. Redline, MD; Elizabeth Thom, PhD (chair); as well as all of the other physicians, study coordinators, research nurses, and patients who participated in the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network. We also acknowledge Elizabeth Gates, MBA, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, for her editorial assistance. No compensation was received by any of these individuals in association with their contributions to this article.