An HIV prevention program in India has averted about 100 178 infections between 2003 and 2008, report researchers from the United States, China, and India (Ng M et al. Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-673661390-1 [published online ahead of print October 10, 2011]).
The program, called Avahan, was launched in 2003 in 6 states in India with a total population of 300 million and a high HIV burden. The purpose of the program is to slow the transmission of HIV in the general population through large-scale prevention interventions focused on high-risk groups, including injecting drug users and female sex workers and their clients and partners. Interventions include clinical services such as treatment for sexually transmitted diseases, distribution of free condoms, peer outreach for safe-sex counseling, and needle exchange programs.