Author Contributions: Dr Katzmarzyk had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Barreira, Harrington, Staiano, Heymsfield, Katzmarzyk.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Barreira, Harrington, Staiano, Heymsfield, Katzmarzyk.
Drafting of the manuscript: Barreira, Harrington, Staiano, Heymsfield, Katzmarzyk.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Barreira, Staiano.
Statistical analysis: Barreira, Harrington, Staiano, Heymsfield, Katzmarzyk.
Obtained funding: Katzmarzyk.
Study supervision: Katzmarzyk.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by the Pennington Biomedical Research Center. Dr Katzmarzyk is supported, in part, by the Louisiana Public Facilities Authority Endowed Chair in Nutrition. This work was partially supported by a Nutrition Obesity Research Center grant 2P30-DK072476-06 entitled “Nutritional Programming: Environmental and Molecular Interactions” and sponsored by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
Role of the Sponsors: The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Emily Mire, MS, and Connie Murla, BS, for data management and the many clinical scientists and staff of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center who have contributed data to the Pennington Center Longitudinal Study, particularly Steven R. Smith, MD. Ms Mire, Ms Murla, and Dr Smith were all employees of the Pennington Biomedical Research Center and did not receive compensation beyond their normal salary.