Author Contributions: Drs Vivante and Calderon-Margalit had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Vivante, Afek, Frenkel-Nir, Tzur, Farfel, Golan, Shohat, Skorecki, Calderon-Margalit.
Acquisition of data: Vivante, Afek, Frenkel-Nir, Tzur, Golan, Chaiter, Shohat.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Vivante, Afek, Frenkel-Nir, Tzur, Farfel, Chaiter, Shohat, Skorecki, Calderon-Margalit.
Drafting of the manuscript: Vivante, Afek, Frenkel-Nir, Tzur, Farfel, Chaiter, Shohat, Skorecki, Calderon-Margalit.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Vivante, Afek, Farfel, Golan, Chaiter, Shohat, Skorecki, Calderon-Margalit.
Statistical analysis: Calderon-Margalit.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Vivante, Frenkel-Nir, Tzur.
Study supervision: Vivante, Golan, Skorecki.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: Access to anonymized databases was provided by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Medical Corps and the Israeli Ministry of Health.
Role of Sponsor: Neither the IDF Medical Corps nor the Israeli Ministry of Health were involved in the design and conduct of the study; the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We thank Amir Tirosh, MD, PhD (Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Hypertension, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School), for his valuable comments. Dr Tirosh received no compensation for his contributions.