In recent years, the Chinese government has made great progress in regulating organ transplant operations. Since 2007, the Chinese Ministry of Health has strictly enforced the authentication program for approval of hospitals to perform organ transplantation.1 Of the more than 600 hospitals that had performed organ transplantations before regulation began, only 163 hospitals now have authentication to perform organ transplantation. Of these, 123 hospitals are approved to perform kidney transplantation, 80 for liver transplantation, 38 for heart transplantation, and 27 for lung transplantation. Quality surveillance and management of transplantations have improved substantially. Hospitals that conduct illegal transplant operations or mismanage organ transplantations are punished with financial penalties or administrative sanctions. For example, 10 hospitals were ordered to improve their transplant program, 7 hospitals had their qualification for transplantation suspended for 3 to 6 months, and 1 was denied qualification.2
Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more
Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features
Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)
Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 7
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
and access these and other features:
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.