In Reply: Interactions between the academic
and industrial research enterprise in medicine are not just recent phenomena
but have existed since the early 20th century. In recent years, however, the
diversity and number of these connections have increased, raising fundamental
questions about the role of both partners in the innovation process. According
to Mr Ehrle, the current interface will lead to a "metastatic ethical meltdown."
We believe that Ehrle's view ignores the main thrust of our argument. First,
the risks of university-industry interactions are indeed important and require
ongoing monitoring and debate. However, this debate needs to be informed by
insight into the current division of labor between organizational partners.
The traditional and familiar answer—academic faculty generate fundamental
knowledge that industry in turn develops and markets—is simplistic and
ignores the extensive flow of knowledge and technology that occurs in both
directions throughout each stage of the innovation process. Second, and related
to this, university-industry interactions have important public health and
economic benefits. It is therefore important that society, and medical school
and hospital leadership in particular, consider how they can maximize the
upsides of collaboration while minimizing the downsides. "Balancing risks
against benefits" is part of this process, not a contradictory position. A
nuanced debate on these issues, rather than absolutist stances, can help shape
the university-industry interface in years to come to optimize medical progress
and benefit the public.
Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more
Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features
Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)
Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours
Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature
Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 2
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
and access these and other features:
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.