In Reply: Dr Lott's econometric suggestions
are problematic. It is well known that arrest rates have a spurious negative
correlation with the crime rate, since the latter constitutes the denominator
of the former.1 Introducing an "independent"
variable that is codetermined with the dependent variable will generally bias
all coefficient estimates.
Due to data limitations, Lott's suggestion to examine the effects of
the Brady Act on other crimes such as rape is not feasible. State-level data
for these crimes are not available disaggregated by the age of the victim
or offender. Based on the specification test reported in our study for gun
homicides, we concluded that comparing trends in Brady Act "treatment" and
"control" states using data for victims of all ages will produce biased results.
Since the Brady Act was not targeted at stopping sales to underage buyers,
our approach was to focus on homicides in which the shooter was aged 21 years
and older. For homicides among victims aged 21 years and older during 1990
to 1998, in fully 78% of cases in which there was a known suspect, the suspect
was aged at least 21 years. Contrary to the assertion of Drs Kleck and Marvell,
the corresponding figure for victims younger than 21 years was only 49%.2
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 12
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.