Published Online: October 9, 2013. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.280502.
Study concept and design: Annane, Martin, Preiser, Troché, Chevret.
Acquisition of data: Annane, Siami, Jaber, Elatrous, Declère, Preiser, Outin, Troché, Charpentier, Trouillet, Kimmoun, Forceville, Darmon, Lesur, Reignier, Abroug, Berger, Clec’h, Cousson, Thibault.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Annane, Preiser, Lesur, Chevret.
Drafting of the manuscript: Annane, Martin, Elatrous, Preiser, Lesur, Thibault, Chevret.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Annane, Siami, Jaber, Declère, Preiser, Outin, Troché, Charpentier, Trouillet, Kimmoun, Forceville, Darmon, Reignier, Abroug, Berger, Clec’h, Cousson, Chevret.
Statistical analysis: Chevret.
Obtained funding: Annane, Preiser, Lesur.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Annane, Siami, Martin, Declère, Preiser, Outin, Troché, Trouillet, Kimmoun, Lesur, Reignier, Abroug.
Study supervision: Annane, Jaber, Martin, Preiser, Forceville, Lesur, Reignier, Chevret.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Jaber reported serving as a consultant and receiving payment for lectures from Drager Ventilation and Maquet Ventilation. Dr Forceville reported being employed, having patent interests, and owning stock in Sérénité-Forceville, which is an early stage start-up company. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: The study was funded by the French Ministry of Health, Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique 2001 and 2010 (AOM 01 020).
Role of the Sponsor: The study sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Correction: This article was corrected on January 8, 2014, to fix 2 misspelled author names.