Study concept and design: Tilburt, Wynia, Sheeler, Thorsteinsdottir, Egginton, Hurst, Danis, Goold.
Acquisition of data: Wynia, Sheeler, James.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Tilburt, Wynia, Thorsteinsdottir, James, Egginton, Liebow, Hurst, Danis, Goold.
Drafting of the manuscript: Tilburt, Wynia, James, Goold.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Wynia, Sheeler, Thorsteinsdottir, Egginton, Liebow, Hurst, Danis, Goold.
Statistical analysis: James, Goold.
Obtained funding: Tilburt.
Administrative, technical, or material support: James.
Study supervision: Goold.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Tilburt’s research was funded by the Faculty Scholars Program of the Greenwall Foundation, Mayo Clinic Program in Professionalism and Ethics, and an Early Career Development Award from the Mayo Clinic Foundation. Dr Hurst is funded by a grant from the Swiss National Science Foundation (PP00P3_123340).
Role of the Sponsor: None of the funders had a role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not reflect the official position of the National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, or the US government.
Previous Presentations: An earlier version of this work was presented as a poster at the 2013 Society of General Internal Medicine National Meeting, April 25, 2013, Denver, Colorado.
Additional Contributions: We are grateful to Bernie Lo, MD, and Christine Cassel, MD, for their thoughtful review of early versions of the manuscript.
Correction: This article was corrected online November 4, 2013, for the addition of a Disclaimer and correction of wording in the Results section.