Author Contributions: Drs Gawande and Eappen had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Eappen, Lane, Rosenberg, Sadoff, Matheson, Berry, Lester, Gawande.
Acquisition of data: Lane, Lester.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Eappen, Lane, Rosenberg, Lipsitz, Sadoff, Berry, Lester, Gawande.
Drafting of the manuscript: Eappen, Lane, Rosenberg, Lipsitz, Sadoff, Lester, Gawande.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Lipsitz.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Eappen, Lester.
Study supervision: Matheson, Berry, Lester, Gawande.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Dr Gawande reported receiving honoraria for lectures and teaching about improvement of quality and safety in health care from clinical organizations and associations that are financially affected by the design of the health system and receiving royalties from multiple publishers for books, writing, and a documentary on health care systems and performance. No other authors reported disclosures.
Funding/Support: This research was supported by funding from the Boston Consulting Group and Texas Health Resources.
Role of the Sponsors: Coauthors from the supporting organizations were involved in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, and interpretation of the data; and review of the manuscript.
Online-Only Material: The Author Audio Interview is available here.
This article was corrected for errors on April 16, 2013.