AuthorContributions: Dr Lin had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Krumholz.
Acquisition of data: Krumholz.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Krumholz, Lin, Keenan, Chen, Ross, Drye, Bernheim, Wang, Bradley, Han, Normand.
Drafting of the manuscript: Krumholz.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Krumholz, Lin, Keenan, Chen, Ross, Drye, Bernheim, Wang, Bradley, Han, Normand.
Statistical analysis: Lin, Normand.
Obtained funding: Krumholz.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Krumholz.
Study supervision: Krumholz.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. Drs Krumholz and Ross report that they are recipients of a research grant from Medtronic through Yale University. Dr Krumholz chairs a cardiac scientific advisory board for UnitedHealth. Dr Ross is a member of a scientific advisory board for FAIR Health. Dr Normand reports being a member of the Board of Directors of Frontier Science & Technology Research Foundation. Drs Drye, Krumholz, Lin, Bernheim, Wang, and Normand report that they receive contract funding from CMS to develop and maintain quality measures. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Krumholz is supported by grant U01 HL105270-03 (Center for Cardiovascular Outcomes Research at Yale University) from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Dr Chen is supported by Career Development Award K08 HS018781-03 from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Dr Ross is supported by grant K08 AG032886-05 from the National Institute on Aging and by the American Federation for Aging Research through the Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award Program. The analyses on which this publication is based were performed under contract HHSM-500-2008-0025I/HHSM-500-T0001, Modification No. 000007, entitled “Measure Instrument Development and Support,” funded by CMS, an agency of the US Department of Health and Human Services.
Role of the Sponsors: The funding sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or preparation of the manuscript. The CMS reviewed and approved the use of its data for this work and approved submission of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the US Department of Health and Human Services, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the US government. The authors assume full responsibility for the accuracy and completeness of the ideas presented.