Author Contributions: Dr Jagsi and Mr Griffith had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Jagsi, Griffith, Stewart, Ubel.
Acquisition of data: Jagsi, Sambuco, DeCastro.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Jagsi, Griffith, Stewart.
Drafting of the manuscript: Jagsi, Griffith.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Jagsi, Griffith, Stewart, Sambuco, DeCastro, Ubel.
Statistical analysis: Jagsi, Griffith.
Obtained funding: Jagsi, Ubel.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Jagsi, Stewart.
Study supervision: Jagsi.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Physician Faculty Scholars Program and the University of Michigan Office of the Vice President for Research provided financial support for this work through grants to Dr Jagsi. Dr Ubel was also supported by grants from the NIH and by a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Award in Health Policy Research.
Role of the Sponsor: The funding bodies played no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Additional Contributions: We wish to thank the K award recipients who took the time to participate in this study. We are also grateful for the insights offered by Donna Ginther, PhD, professor of economics and director of the Center for Science Technology and Economic Policy at the University of Kansas, and Sherrie Kaplan, PhD, assistant vice chancellor and executive codirector of the Health Policy Research Institute and professor of medicine at the University of California, Irvine, regarding analytic approaches. Drs Ginther and Kaplan were not compensated for their services.