Author Contributions: Dr Smith-Bindman had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Study concept and design: Smith-Bindman, Miglioretti, Greenlee, Hornbrook.
Acquisition of data: Smith-Bindman, Miglioretti, Johnson, Feigelson, Flynn, Greenlee, Kruger, Hornbrook, Roblin, Solberg, Vanneman, Weinmann, Williams.
Analysis and interpretation of data: Smith-Bindman, Miglioretti, Johnson, Lee, Flynn, Greenlee, Kruger, Hornbrook, Solberg, Weinmann.
Drafting of the manuscript: Smith-Bindman, Miglioretti, Johnson, Hornbrook, Vanneman.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Smith-Bindman, Miglioretti, Johnson, Lee, Feigelson, Flynn, Greenlee, Kruger, Hornbrook, Roblin, Solberg, Weinmann, Williams.
Statistical analysis: Smith-Bindman, Miglioretti, Johnson, Lee, Hornbrook.
Obtained funding: Smith-Bindman, Miglioretti, Greenlee, Hornbrook.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Smith-Bindman, Feigelson, Flynn, Greenlee, Kruger, Hornbrook, Vanneman, Weinmann, Williams.
Study supervision: Smith-Bindman, Miglioretti, Feigelson, Greenlee, Roblin, Williams.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: All authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the National Cancer Institute–funded Cancer Research Network Across Health Care Systems (U19CA79689) and grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH R21CA131698 and NIH K24 CA125036).
Role of the Sponsor: The funding organizations had no role in the design and conduct of the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data; or in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not represent the official views of the National Cancer Institute or the National Institutes of Health.
Online-Only Material: The Author Video Interview is available here.
Additional Contributions: We thank the following people for their valuable assistance in gathering radiology data for this study: Julianne Endres and Deborah Seger, BA, of Group Health Research Institute; Brenda Rush, RN, and Donna Gleason of Kaiser Permanente Northwest; Autumn Deedon and Paul Hitz, BS, of Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation; Kimberly Bischoff, MSHA, from Kaiser Permanente Colorado; Ann Hanson, BS, of HealthPartners Research Foundation; Peter Joski, MSPH, of Kaiser Permanente Georgia; and Aileen Uchida, MPH, and Mark Schmidt, BA, of Kaiser Permanente Hawaii. All individuals listed were compensated for their work.