This observational study found no association between hospital-based participation in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program and improvements in postoperative outcomes over time in patients undergoing elective operations at US academic hospitals.
This randomized clinical trial compares a conservative oxygen protocol vs standard oxygen delivery on the outcomes of mortality, organ failure, and infection in adult patients admitted to a medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU).
This hospital epidemiology study used MEDPAR file data to compare surgical outcomes and Medicare expenditures at critical access vs non–critical access hosptials.
In this observational study of Medicare patient admissions, there were no significant differences in change in mortality rates or readmission rates for those hospitalized in more intensive relative to less intensive teaching hospitals in the year after implementation of the 2011 ACGME duty hour reforms compared with those hospitalized in the 2 years before implementation.
This cohort study used health administrative databases to examine rates of survival and utilization of surgery among children with trisomy 13 and 18.