This retrospective cohort analysis quantifies survival and major morbidity in patients aged 50 to 69 years receiving bioprosthetic vs mechanical aortic valve replacement.
This Guide to Statistics and Methods discusses analyzing repeated measurements using mixed models.
To summarize the current evidence comparing the effectiveness of CABG surgery and PCI in patients with unprotected left main disease, multivessel coronary artery disease, diabetes, or left ventricular dysfunction, Deb and coauthors evaluated 13 randomized clinical trials and 5 meta-analyses.
This cohort study compares childhood IQ scores in siblings with vs without anesthesia exposure before age 3 years.
This meta-analysis summarizes published evidence about the prevalence of mental health conditions in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and associations between those conditions and weight loss outcomes.
This study uses follow-up data from a randomized trial comparing open and endoscopic release surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome to compare outcomes 11 to 16 years after surgery.
In this randomized clinical trial, the investigators tested 2 approaches to prevent or resolve acute respiratory failure and found that high-flow nasal oxygen therapy was not inferior to bilevel positive airway pressure in patients with hypoxemia after cardiothoracic surgery.
This randomized trial reports that in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery, remote ischemic preconditioning performed via blood pressure cuff inflation significantly reduced the rate of acute kidney injury and renal replacement therapy.
This randomized trial investigates the efficacy of 3 different doses of bevacizumab nasal spray for reducing epistaxis duration in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT).
Jørgensen and coauthors conducted a nationwide cohort study in Denmark among patients undergoing elective noncardiac surgeries to assess the safety and importance of time elapsed between stroke and surgery in the risk of perioperative cardiovascular events and mortality. Sacco and Dong comment in an editorial.
Cohen and colleagues compare the effect of coronary artery bypass graft surgery vs percutaneous coronary intervention using drug-eluting stents on health status among 1880 patients with diabetes mellitus and multivessel coronary artery disease between 2005 and 2010.
This review summarizes use of antithyroid drugs, radioactive iodine, or thyroidectomy in treating Graves disease.
Sjöström and coauthors performed a very long-term follow-up observational study of Swedish Obese Subjects participants to investigate diabetes outcomes after bariatric surgery. They determined the long-term diabetes remission rates and the cumulative incidence of microvascular and macrovascular diabetes complications among 603 patients who had type 2 diabetes at baseline.